This study to determined the stiffness of selected tapered board and stacked board makiwara training devices using static loading techniques to assess their suitability for practitioners of different levels. Results: a novice would be more suited to the more compliant ash stacked design and the expert more suited to the stiffer oak tapered design.
SOURCE: Journal of Asian Martial Arts, Vol. 19 No. 2 (2010): 12 pages.