Since 1974 there as been differing viewpoints regarding the purpose of aikido as either a purly spiritual pursuit or an effective martial art. As a former senior apprentice to Tohei Koichi, Roy Yukio Suenaka uses his observations and recolecctions to reconcil the perception of aikido into the unified art as developed by its founder, Ueshiba Morihei.
SOURCE: Journal of Asian Martial Arts, Vol. 5 No. 1 (1996): 24 pages.