The 1936 “masters meeting”—a gathering of karate masters, journalists, and government leaders—gives us some indication of the political realities at play in Japan in the early decades of the 20th century. A resurgence of nationalism fed an effort to assimilate Okinawan culture, which affected karate. The author discusses the resulting effects.
SOURCE: Journal of Asian Martial Arts, Vol. 16 No. 3 (2007): 20 pages.